Discovering the best grass for your needs can be confusing because of all the conditions you need to take into consideration. Grass seed types are determined by your physical climate zone. There are two categories of grass seeds - warm season grass and cold season grass - which suit different climates.
Warm season grass seeds prosper in southern countries and in warm climates, while cool season grass seeds better grow in northern countries and cold climates. Warm season grass can only reach its full potential during summer time and cool season grasses look the best during fall. In addition, cool season grass demands less maintenance.
Warm Season Grass
What is important about the warm season grass is that it can survive during the dreadful heat of summer. It can also resist deterioration, so if your lawn is brown and dull during every summer, this is your best call.
Speaking of grass seed type, Bermuda is the most popular choice. It is quality grass seeds that can remain beautiful during droughts and does not require any special maintenance. You can often see it in sports fields, parks, and utility turf fields. It is also the best option for full sun because it cannot reach the full potential in shade.
Bermuda is an inexpensive brand and can grow quickly. Compared to many other brands, it can survive longer without any help. Homeowners choose it due to its quality, simplicity and charming look, which made Bermuda seeds the most popular in the US. If you live in warm regions, these seeds are perfect to fit your needs.
If you do not like Bermuda, Zoysia is also a great option. Just like Bermuda, Zoysia does not require any special care and it grows quickly. It is very dense which means you will not be mowing the lawn often. Zoysia seeds are known to produce gorgeous grasses perfect for homeowners.
Zoysia performs better than Bermuda in humid conditions and should be planted in warm areas or it will lose the color. If you need disease resistant grass seeds that are very easy to care, this is a great choice.
The last brand that is worth your attention is St. Augustine that is perfect for hot and humid climates. It has the highest heat resistance among these three and has dark green grass that needs medium care. However, it is now very drought resistant.
St. Augustine is not perfect for sports due to the coarse texture and is mostly used in home lawns. It has the highest shade tolerance which is perfect if you have trees or something else growing nearby.
Cool Season Grass
Cool season grasses cannot tolerate heat and grow good in mild weather. This is why it is perfect for fall, and many people plant it before winter arrives.
Speaking of brands, Kentucky Bluegrass is the most popular grass seeds because of its ability to grow under harsh conditions and strength. Even though it requires better care than warm season grass, it is perfect for home lawns. Rich, dense and nicely textured, this grass is what many homeowners look for. Besides, it has the strong root system that is perfect against droughts.
Another popular choice is Perennial Ryegrass that is highly resistant for foot traffic and is often used for sports fields and golf courses. It can endure heavy use, which is important for anyone with dogs. It is also the best choice for shade. It grows quickly, and homeowners use it to hide patches while another grass seeds are slowly growing. Perennial ryegrass is often mixed with other grass seeds to produce a multifunctional lawn.
The last but not least is Tall fescue, which is more drought resistant that other two grasses. This is optimal for warmer but not very hot areas. The Tall fescue grows quickly during fall and can adapt to weather conditions. In the US, it is popular in the eastern part of the country, for example, in Ohio.
Grass Seed Mixtures
Depending on your specific needs, there are seeds mixtures on the market that are developed to repair damaged lawns or for areas with drought. These mixtures combine different seed types in one package, and specialists compare weaknesses and strengths of every type to help lawns stay fresh all year round. For example, there are lawn repair mixtures that can correct lawn issues.